A very long time ago settlers – mainly from Germany – came to this area now called Emmaus. When the settlers came here they needed to build a house to shelter their family. Because this area was a wilderness with many big trees, the settlers cut trees to make logs to build their houses. The Shelter House is made of logs and was built in 1734.
The Shelter House has a funny-sounding German name, zufluchtshaus, which means “a place for shelter.”
The children with their parents traveled to this land on little ships across the Atlantic Ocean. The journey took a very long time – sometimes twelve weeks. The travelers had little to eat or drink and often they were sick with sniffles.
The settlers had very few belongings. The men brought some tools and the women brought a cooking pot. The children had no toys, no books, and no games. They made up their own games and made their own toys out of wood, sticks, and corn cobs.
The early settlers came to this area – sometimes called “the Colonies” to make a new life in a land that was good for farming. The early farmers grew wheat that was turned into flour so they could bake bread. The Colonies in 1734 were owned by King George III of England.
Small game and other wild animals provided meat for the families to eat. Some might have known about wild plants growing in the woods and learned how to cook them for dinner.
There were few neighbors and they lived far from each other. But the neighbors were friendly and often traded things with each other. All of the new settlers had to work very hard to clear the land to grow crops. The children also helped with the work.
The Native Americans called “The Lenape” lived near The Shelter House. The Lenape probably taught the settlers to grow corn and how to make things out of corn. Maybe the Lenape taught the young settlers how to make corn cob figures. Imagine yourself being taught by a Lenape child. Even though they might not have spoken the same language, children of all cultures can have fun learning from each other.
How long did it take to sail to the Colonies?
What year was The Shelter House built?
What did the early settlers have to eat?
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